In the summer of 2012, the Comfort Inn Brandon invited the Manitoba Agricultural Museum to display an artifact on the lawn of the hotel. As a Museum artifact on display would give the Museum great public exposure, the Museum agreed to this invitation and moved a non operational steam engine to a display pad on the lawn and installed signage.
The steam engine went on display in Brandon is a J. I. Case 25-75 steam engine built in 1907. 25-75 refers to the horsepower as this engine developed 25 horsepower at the drawbar and 75 horsepower on the belt. This engine was capable of both plowing and driving belt powered machinery such as a threshing machine. From the gear train wear on the engine, it has seen hard work plowing and probably broke many acres of Manitoba Prairie.
The engine was donated to the Manitoba Agricultural Museum in the early 1960s by Joseph McMurachy of McConnell, Manitoba. The McMurachy family was a Pioneer family in the McConnell area and owned the engine since new. In the late 1970s age finally caught up with this veteran, the engine’s boiler failed inspection and the engine was retired by the Museum.
The engine was moved out to the main gate to the Museum to act as a gate guardian. In 2012, when an opportunity arose to place a Museum artifact on display in Brandon, this engine was chosen to go on display as it has some historical significance in the Westman area.
Mr. Joseph McMurachy was the person who discovered and saved the genetic material that was developed into the rust resistant “Selkirk” wheat variety in common use in the 1950s. In 1930, while cutting a field of wheat severely affected by rust disease, Mr. McMurachy noticed three plump heads of wheat on the table of the grain binder. These heads were unaffected by rust. He saved the three heads as they were unaffected by rust and replanted the seeds in order to multiply the wheat. In 1935, Mr. McMurachy supplied some of these seeds to the Federal Department of Agriculture, the Brandon Experimental Farm and the Winnipeg Cereal Breeding Laboratory. By crossing this wheat with other wheat varieties, the rust resistant Selkirk variety of wheat evolved. Selkirk was in wide usage from 1953 through the 1960s.
The Case 10-20 design entered production in 1915 and remained in production until 1922. At the time this Case design was introduced, three wheeled designs were enjoying good success in the market. These designs featured only one rear wheel that was driven with the other rear wheel being an idler. With this arrangement, an expensive differential was not needed. The Case 10-20 was somewhat different as the left rear wheel could be driven when then the tractor was moving forward.
The tractor was equipped with a 4 cylinder vertical engine mounted cross wise on the tractor. The engine was equipped with a high tension magneto with impulse starter, engine cooling was provided by a fan and radiator and engine lubrication was provided by splash lubrication. The drive train featured a cone clutch inside the belt pulley. This clutch drove a bull gear and pinion final drive. There was just one forward speed (2 MPH). Reverse was accomplished by the use of a separate drive train consisting of a jaw clutch and chain drive.
Year: 1914 or 1915 Model: 50hp Manufacturer: Case Serial # 33192 Boiler Serial # Donated By: In Memory of Albert Bernie in Spring of 68
Common operators today: Garrett Bodie Glenn Bodie
This is a 18-50 Case engine, manufactured on Nov 15th, 1915 in Racine Wisconsin by JI Case company
Donated to the Museum in memory of Albert Bernie of Angusville who used to run the 110 Case. Albert Bernie passed away in 1964 in a hunting accident
This engine was dedicated in memory of Mr. Fred Jones, a long time steam operator, who passed on in 2005
A couple of special features:
Brand new, this engine would have cost $1600-1755
The engine has a top speed of 2.3 mph
Used at the museum for the daily tug-o-war competition
Engineers liked to cook inside the firebox/smokebox during the day. Apparently cooking bacon and eggs on a shovel held into the firebox was somewhat common. A dutch oven could be used to cook stews and so on in it when the oven was placed in the smoke box. The lid on the dutch oven would keep cinders and smoke from contaminating the food.
The engine underwent a mechanical and extensive cosmetic restoration in the winter of 2018-2019, with new bunkers and a new drawbar as well as a new paint.
J.I. Case was a very early manufacturer of farm equipment. Jerome Case established a company to manufacture a small hand powered threshing machine in 1842. The company went on to become a leading manufacturer of threshing machines. By 1869, J.I. Case had begun the manufacture of steam engines. J.I. Case went on to manufacture over 30,000 steam engines with production of these machines by Case ending in 1927. J.I. Case manufactured a wide range of farm equipment such as threshing machines, binders, hay rakes, seed drills, plows, buggies, water tanks and so on. With the advent of internal combustion engines the company began to manufacture kerosene tractors and later gas tractors. J.I. Case even manufactured an automobile for a period of time.
J.I. Case still exists today as CaseIH which is part of the CNH Global N.V.
Howson 25-75 J.I. Case Steam Engine Year: 1913 Model: 25-75 Manufacturer: J I Case Serial # 29676 Boiler Serial # Donated By: Robet Howson of McCreary MB
It has a triple riveted lap seam boiler.
Harvey Mundock of Franklin is believed to have been the earliest owner of the machine, he used it mainly for threshing about 1933 Art Curtis of Osprey bought the machine which he used for six or so years solely to power his custom threshing outfit. Art gave the machine good care and was an excellent operator. He was proud of the machine for its “Alberta” boiler which was felt to be a higher quality boiler and well riveted.
About 1940 George Battershell, who had threshed with Art Curtis and knew the machine, became the owner, George lived in the Salisbury district and did some stump pulling and building moving with it.
In October 1945 Robert Howson of McCreary purchased the Steam engine. It was driven from the Salisbury district to Neepawa by Robert Brown, loaded on a rail flatcar and transported to McCreary. Robert Howson used it for approximately 3 seasons to pull stumps
In about 1951 Zanuks of Elkhorn Ranch area moved the engine to that area to power their sawmill. They used it for 2 years
It was repossessed at the end of that time.
Robert Howson drove the machine through the Rolling River district, down highway #19 and back to his farm.
In 1967 Mr. Howson donated it to the museum.
Research and history by Mildred (Howson) Allan
Currently taken care of on behalf of the MAM by the Beamish Family: Robert, Thomas and Andrew.
J.I. Case was a very early manufacturer of farm equipment. Jerome Case established a company to manufacture a small hand powered threshing machine in 1842. The company went on to become a leading manufacturer of threshing machines. By 1869, J.I. Case had begun the manufacture of steam engines. J.I. Case went on to manufacture over 30,000 steam engines in a variety of sizes with production of these machines by Case ending in 1927. J.I. Case manufactured a wide range of farm equipment such as threshing machines, binders, hay rakes, seed drills, plows, buggies, water tanks and so on. With the advent of internal combustion engines the company began to manufacture kerosene tractors and later gas tractors. J.I. Case even manufactured an automobile for a period.
J.I. Case still exists today as CaseIH which is part of the CNH Global N.V.
Common Engineers at the Museum: Lee Godin, Bruce Eberling, Travis Kennedy.
Reeves & Co. of Columbus, Indiana was established in 1874, and began building steam engines in 1895. They built some of the largest steam traction engines in North America, with the biggest being a huge 40-140 horsepower machine. Reeves used twin-cylinder engines on its traction engines, of both the cross-compound and double-simple type. Reeves Canadian Special engines were built for sale on the Canadian Prairies, having both the boiler and steam dome fully jacketed to better cope with cold weather. The company was purchased by Emerson-Brantingham in 1912, but the Reeves Works continued in operation and the Reeves name was retained on the traction engines until production ceased in 1925.
The Manitoba Agricultural Museum’s engine is a 25HP model, and is one of the largest Reeves traction engines still in existence. It produces a rated 25 boiler horsepower and 75 brake (belt) horsepower. It has a cross-compound double cylinder engine, wet-bottom boiler, and uses a pin for the clutch. Bearing serial number 7173, it was built in 1917, turning a century old this year. It was donated to the Museum in 1956 by the Parrott Brothers of Grandview, MB. As with most engines of this age, it no longer has the insulated jacketing on the boiler and dome due to corrosion of the thin sheet metal covering the wooden lagging. During the Manitoba Threshermen’s Reunion & Stampede it can be seen at the Souris Mill where it provides the steam necessary to operate the Mill engine.
It is thought to be the only operational 25HP cross-compound Canadian Special Reeves in the world.
Year: 1910 Model: 25-75 twin cylinder Manufacturer: Gaar Scott & Co Serial # 5493 Boiler Serial # Donated By: the Jones family of Tilston, MB Common Engineers today: Mike Hawkins, Lynn Tuttle, Jim Kingdon.
built in Richmond, Indiana.
This engine spent a lot of time plowing…when it arrived, the gears were so worn out the operators used to back the engine up all the way from the sawmill to the engine shed!
Lots of great stories of Don Milne getting up early to bring the engine down from the shed to the sawmill. He did this early so that he could sneak the engine down in reverse.
After coming to the Museum, the Gaar Scott spent a lot of time on the sawmill, which is where you will find it through out the days of the Threshermen’s Reunion.
Was one of the original 4 steam engines that were on the grounds when the Manitoba Agricultural Museum was incorporated.
Gaar-Scott and Company was formed when a gentleman by the name of Scott became a partner in the A. Gaar Company which had previously purchased the Spring Foundry of Richmond, Indiana. The company built a line of steam engines, threshing machines and saw mills. The company used as a trademark an image of a tiger astride two hemispheres and engine line became known as the “Tiger Line” as a consequence. Gaar-Scott built simple and compound steam engines in sizes from 10 to 40 horsepower.
Gaar-Scott along with the Advance Thresher Company, Northwest Thresher Company and the American Able Company of Toronto was purchased by the M. Rumely Company in 1912. Rumely then reorganized itself as the Advance Rumely Company. Rumely rationalized its product line and Gaar-Scott faded into history. Advance Rumely fell on hard times during the 1930s and was purchased by the Allis-Chalmers company in 1931.
The 1911 Case 32-110 HP is the largest steam traction engine at the Manitoba Agricultural Museum. In the Case steam traction engine family, it is second in size only to the 150 HP. Its rear wheels are 7 feet in diameter and 3 feet wide. The 110HP engine weighs 20 tons. The front wheels have a 4.5 foot diameter and are 16 inches wide. Normal speed for the Case 110 is 2.37 miles per hour. This engine has a 12 x 12 inch simple cylinder. Special features include a locomotive cab and a friction steering mechanism that is driven from the crank shaft, allowing the front wheels to turn when the rear wheels are stationary. This makes it easy to turn sharp corners. The Case 32-110 was the first steam engine to have power steering. This steam engine was designed for heavy plowing, threshing, freighting – for all kinds of work necessitating a large amount of horsepower.
The Manitoba Agricultural Museum purchased the 1911 Case 32-110 from the Western Development Museum in Saskatoon in 1964. See this engine at work during the Threshermen’s Reunion.
This portable steam engine was built by the J.I. Case Company in 1869. There is only one Case steam engine in existence known to be older than this engine. The engine is known as” Old 44” as the number 44 is stamped into the engine bed.
The engine ran a grist / lumber mill at Minnedosa for a number of years. This was probably the J.S. Armitage operation established in 1880. Who owned the engine previous to 1880 is not known. Later in the engine’s career it was purchased by Mr. Hillstrand of Hilltop, Manitoba to power an edger, shingle mill and planer. Mr Hillstrand’s son, Clifford, donated “Old 44” to the Museum in 1961.
J.I. Case was a very early manufacturer of farm equipment. Jerome Case established a company to manufacture a small hand powered threshing machine in 1842. The company went on to become a leading manufacturer of threshing machines. By 1869, J.I. Case had begun the manufacture of steam engines. J.I. Case went on to manufacture over 30,000 steam engines with production of these machines by Case ending in 1927. J.I. Case manufactured a wide range of farm equipment such as threshing machines, binders, hay rakes, seed drills, plows, buggies, water tanks and so on. With the advent of internal combustion engines the company began to manufacture kerosene tractors and later gas tractors. J.I. Case even manufactured an automobile for a period.
J.I. Case still exists today as CaseIH which is part of the CNH Global N.V.
This 1916 Case 12-25 tractor was donated to the Museum in 1955 by W. Longstaffe of Cardale, Manitoba. Apparently the tractor was nicknamed “The Hercules” during its time working field in the Cardale area.
The Case Company introduced the 12-25 in 1913. The tractor features a 2 cylinder opposed engine operating at 600 RPM, a two shoe friction clutch, sliding gear transmission with a bull gear and pinion final drive with a floating one piece rear axle. There are two forward speeds. Originally, the kerosene tank was mounted over the right rear wheel. The tank over the left rear wheel was for water. During restoration the tractor was adapted to run on gasoline, with a single tank on the left. The cooling system features a circulation pump, fan and radiator, quite modern in comparison to the tractor’s big brother in the Case tractor line up of the time, the 20-40.
The Museum has a total of four 20-40 Case Kerosene engines in the collection which is a strong indication that the 20-40 design was successful and sold in reasonable quantities over its production period (1912 to 1919).
This engine was donated to the Museum by Gordon Cram of Darlingford, Manitoba.
A comparison with the Hunter 20-40 shows some interesting design changes. The radiator on this engine is a much different design. The exhaust is still ducted into the top of the radiator to create a draft which draws cool air upwards through the tubes, but on this engine the radiator is made up of a number of vertical tubes connecting a bottom tank and a top tank. The tubes are arranged in a square but with no tubes in the centre. The top tank had a hole in the centre of it and the exhaust was ducted into a short stack immediately above this hole. As the exhaust gases escaped upwards, cool air was drawn through the tubes and vented upwards along with the exhaust gases. The Hunter engine’s radiator is very similar to a modern radiator but with no fan behind it. Instead the exhaust is also used to create a draft which pulls cooling air through the radiator.
As well on the Hunter engine the exhaust, before being turned into the top of the radiator, runs through a heavy vertical casting. In this casting is an air intake pipe which is seperate from the exhaust. This device would have heated the incoming air to the carburator which would have aided cold weather operation of the engine, especially as the fuels in use at the time were not of great quality. On the Cram engine, this casting is absent and there is no means to heat the carburator air if so desired.
On the Cram engine the cab is made out of galvanized steel and the cab roof does not extend over the engine.
Case began building 20-40 tractors in 1912 with a Case 20-40 entered into the 1912 Winnipeg tractor trials. The style of radiator on the Cram engine dates the Cram engine as relatively early in the 20-40 production run.